The National Mall, known as the "Nation's Front Yard" is the open space and parklands envisioned by Pierre L'Enfant's plan, which was commissioned by George Washington. Running from the Lincoln Memorial on the Potomac to the Capitol Building it includes the 2,000 American elms which line the Mall and the 3,000 internationally renowned Japanese cherry trees which grace the Tidal Basin. Along the Mall are the majority of the museums which comprise the Smithsonian Institution. The centerpiece of the mall is the Washington Monument which lies directly south of the White House.
Map Key: 1. Washington Monument 2. National Museum of American History 3. National Museum of Natural History
4. National Gallery of Art Sculpture Garden 5. West Building of the National Gallery of Art 6. East Building of the National Gallery of Art 7. United States Capitol 8. Ulysses S. Grant Memorial 9. United States Botanic Garden 10. National Museum of the American Indian 11. National Air and Space Museum 12. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden 13. Arts and Industries Building14. Smithsonian Institution Building ("The Castle") 15. Freer Gallery of Art 16. Arthur M. Sackler Gallery 17. National Museum of African Art